I chose two journal articles for the topic of nonverbal communication within a professional setting.

The second journal article I selected is:

Stewart, G. & Dustin, S. & Barrick, M. & Darnold, T. Exploring the handshake in employment interviews. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(5), Sep 2008. pp. 1139-1146.

The abstract I wrote is below:

This work is about the role of a handshake in a job interview. Early in the article the authors use previous research to show how a handshake can be a way to create immediacy as described by Imada & Hakel (1977) and how such immediacy may increase the chances that one person will like another person (Imada & Hakel, 1977).

The authors believed that people with a firm handshake would also have more favorably ratings within a job interview situation. Past literature, which came exclusively from non-interview situations, did find that, in general, a firm handshake "signifies persuasive ability, sociability, and interpersonal skills (Astrom & Thorell, 1996). Given previous findings the authors also believed that if a person was perceived to have a good handshake they would likely be perceived as extroverted. The authors also predicted that a weaker handshake presented by a woman would result in lower job interview ratings even though women were often rated more highly on other nonverbal skills (Parsons & Linden, 1984).

Ninety-eight students took part in mock interviews as well as handshaking activities. The interviews involved one set of evaluators while a different group of evaluators conducted the handshake evaluations.

The research did find support for the prediction that people evaluated as having a better handshake would also be perceived as better job candidates. The study did not find support for the prediction related to female handshaking. That is, although evaluators scored female handshakes lower than men's, the women's interview scores were higher. Another interesting result was that women who did have a firm handshake received a much greater benefit from it (in the their interview scores) than did men with a firm handshake.